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Saturday, September 21, 2013

सिद्धिदास महाजु नेपालभाषाया महाकवि


सिद्धिदास महाजु नेपालभाषाया महाकवि


नेपाल सम्बत ११३३ येंलागा दुतिया, नेपालभाषाया महाकवि सिद्धिदास महाजुया १४६ औं बुंदि । सिद्धिदास महाजु नेपालभाषाया महाकवि खः। सिद्धिदास महाजु नेपाल भाषा साहित्य इतिहासया पुर्नजागरण कालया चिनाखँमि खः। थ्वय् कलं ५० गू मल्याक नेपाल भाषाया कृति च्वयादीगु दु । नेपालभाषाय् आधुनिक कथं चिनाखँ च्वयेगु ज्या न्ह्याकादीम्ह मनू वय्‌कः हे खः। वय्‌कलं नेपालभाषाय् आधुनिक बाखंया विधा नं न्ह्याकानादिल। व‌य्‌कलं रामायण थेंन्यागु महाकाव्य नेपालभाषाय् हिलादिया साहित्यया हलिमय् नेपालभाषायात योगदान यानादिल ।

व्यक्तिगत जीवनी
वय्‌कःया जन्म ने॰स॰ ९८७ यंलागाः दुतिया खुनु जुगु खः। वय्‌कःया अबु लक्ष्मीनारायण महाजु व मां हर्षलक्ष्मी महाजु खः। वय्‌कःया थाय्‌बाय्‌ क्वाछेँ ननि, केल त्वाः, येँ ख। वय्‌कःया तिरिमय्‌जु गंगादेवी/ हाकुनानी खः । वय्‌कः मदुगु तिथि ने॰स॰ १०५० कछलागा बालाचह्रे खुनु ख।

कृति
वय्‌कलं च्वयादिगु सफूत थ्व कथं दु



पद्य
महाकाव्य - सिद्धि रामायण (१०२६-३४)
खण्डकाव्य - सत्यसति (१०३३), शिवपिनास (१०५०)
कोषकाव्य - शुकरम्भा संवाद (१०३६), सनातन धर्म (१०३८), सप्तस्तुति (१०३८), सञ्चय (१०४५) आदि।
मुक्तक काव्य - नेपालभाषा पत्रिका (प्र. १०४५), कालचक्र (प्र. १०४९) आदि।

गद्य
आत्मकथा - सिद्धिदास थःगु मिखाय्‌ (१०४० पाखे)
बाखं - शिवविलास (१०४० पाखे)
निबन्ध - सर्वबन्धु (१०४३, नेपाली नं)

रचनात्मक कृति / साहित्योत्तर वाङ्मय
छन्द शास्त्र - सूक्ष्म छन्द (१०४७), सरल छन्द बोध (१०३४)
कामशास्त्र - सत्यमदन (१०४५)
संचार - समाचार (१०४१)
वाणिज्य - स्वदेशवस्त्र (१०४२)
व्याकरण - सिद्धिव्याकरण (१०४६)
विद्युत - विजुली (१०३६ अप्राप्त)
ज्योतिष-मुहूर्त चिन्तामणि (१००१ पाखे अप्राप्त।)

सज्जन हृदयाभरण
सरल छन्द बोध व शूक्ष्म छन्द

Siddhidas Mahaju (Nepal Bhasa: सिद्धिदास महाजु) 
(alternative name: Siddhidas Amatya) (15 October 1867 - 29 December 1929) was a Nepalese poet and one of the Four Pillars of Nepal Bhasa. He was at the forefront in the endeavour to revive literature in Nepal Bhasa that had become stagnant as a result of official suppression.He has been honored with the title Great Poet.

Early life
Mahaju was born in Kel Tol, Kathmandu to father Laxmi Narayan and mother Harsha Laxmi. He studied at home under various tutors, and married Ganga Devi at an early age.

Career
Mahaju looked after his family's cloth shop as a young man after a stint in government service in 1886. He had to travel frequently to Kolkata, India to purchase stock, and he took advantage of the opportunity to browse libraries and book stores.

Postage stamp of Mahaju issued in 1980.
In Kathmandu, he spent more time composing poetry than looking after business, and his cloth shop suffered. Finding it difficult to make ends meet, he went to Birgunj to work for a trader as a freight forwarder. Mahaju returned to Kathmandu after a few years when business dried up. His economic condition worsened; and in 1927, he got a job as an assistant at a medicine shop.
Distressed by an unhappy family life and bad health, Mahaju went to live with his sister during his final days. He died at Pashupati.

Works

Mahaju wrote more than 44 books of poetry, epics, short stories and essays. Sajjan Hridayabharan, a book of poems on morals, was the only one published during his lifetime. It was published from Bettiah, India in 1920. Mahaju composed Siddhi Ramayana, a translation of the epic Ramayana in Nepal Bhasa, in 1913. It was published by Thaunkanhe Prakashan in 2010.

Other notable works include Satyasati (an epic on female education and considered to be his best work, written in 1913) and Siddhi Vyakaran (a grammar of Nepal Bhasa, written in 1927).

Pamphlet advertising drama performance about Siddhidas Mahaju to celebrate his birth centenary in 1967.
Legacy
In 1980, the Postal Service Department of the government of Nepal issued a commemorative postage stamp of Mahaju. A street in central Kathmandu was named Siddhidas Marg in his honor by Kathmandu Metropolitan City. A statue of Mahaju was erected in Hetauda in 2006.

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