Friday, May 24, 2013

धर्मादित्य धर्माचार्य नेपालभाषाया न्हापांम्ह पत्रकार

धर्मादित्य धर्माचार्य नेपालभाषाया न्हापांम्ह पत्रकार

Portrait of Dharmaditya Dharmacharya in ca. 1930

धर्मादित्य धर्माचार्य नेपालभाषाया न्हापांम्ह पत्रकार खः । वय्‌कः नेपालभाषाया उत्थानय् जानादीम्ह पुनर्जागरण कालया छम्ह महारथि खः।

धर्मादित्यया खास नां जगतमान वैद्य खः। उच्च शिक्षाया लागि कलकत्ताय् झायेवं अन बुद्ध धर्मया अध्ययन लिपा वय्‌कलं थःगु नां धर्मादित्य धकाः छुनादिल ।

कलकत्ता विश्वविद्यालय दुने बंगाली, हिन्दी आदि भाषायात मान्यता बियाः ब्वंकगु ज्या यायेवं नेपालभाषायात नं मान्यता बिइमाल धकाः छथ्वः विद्यार्थीत डेलिगेशन वन । लिपा नेपाली भाषायात तकं मान्यता बिल तर नेपालभाषाया पाठ्य सफू मदु धकाः नेपालभाषायात मान्यता मबिइवं थुगु खं मर्माहित जूम्ह धर्मादित्यं नेपालभाषाया मान्यता बिइकेगु लागि सफू पिकायेगु अठोट यानादिल । थ्व हे झ्वलय् बुद्धधर्म नांया नेपालभाषा पत्रिका दकलय् न्हापां पिथनादिल । थुगु बुद्ध धर्म पत्रिका हे नेपालभाषाया न्हापांगु पत्रिका खः।

Cover of Buddha Dharma wa Nepal Bhasa dated August 1929.

Bust of Dharmaditya Dharmacharya at Pulchok, Lalitpur.

Dharmaditya Dharmacharya
Dharmaditya Dharmacharya (born Jagat Man Vaidya) (1902 - 1963) was a Nepalese author, Buddhist scholar and language activist. He worked to develop Nepal Bhasa and revive Theravada Buddhism when Nepal was ruled by the Rana dynasty and both were dangerous activities.

Dharmacharya campaigned for Nepal Sambat as the national calendar. He also wrote and published the first magazine in Nepal Bhasa and was a major influence in the Nepal Bhasa renaissance. Because of his service to the language, he has also been called the "fifth pillar" of Nepal Bhasa along with the Four Pillars of Nepal Bhasa.

Early life

Dharmacharya was born at Chikan Bahi, Lalitpur District to father Vaidya Vrishman Vandya and mother Muni Thakun Vandya. He studied at Durbar High School in Kathmandu and did his matriculation from Kolkata and enrolled at the University of Calcutta for higher studies.


On his visits to Kathmandu during the holidays, he organized Buddhist programs and exhibitions of religious pictures he had collected in Kolkata. In 1924, he established the Buddha Dharma Support Association at the home of Dharma Man Tuladhar. He encouraged its members to read Buddhist books and translated articles in English and Pali into Nepal Bhasa.

Upon his return to Kolkata, he established the Nepalese Buddhist Association to help Nepalese traders who had fallen into difficulty besides teaching them Buddhist principles. In 1928, he helped organize the All India Buddhist Conference.

In an effort to promote Buddhism among the Nepalese in Darjeeling, he brought out Himalaya Bauddha in the Nepali language and Buddhist India in English in 1927 which he and B. M. Barua (Benimadhab Barua) edited.

Dharmacharya was a cultural nationalist and dedicated himself to promoting Nepal Bhasa and obtaining international recognition for it.

In 1925, he published Buddha Dharma wa Nepal Bhasa  from Kolkata, India. It was the first ever magazine to be published in Nepal Bhasa.It contained articles on Buddhism and also provided writers in Nepal a place to publish their compositions which they couldn't do at home because of the government's dislike of the language.

In order to support the emerging Nepal Bhasa movement in Nepal and promote the language at home and abroad, he established the first Nepal Bhasa literary organization Nepal Bhasa Sahitya Mandal ("Nepal Bhasa Literature Organization") in Kolkata in 1926.

Dharmacharya returned to Kathmandu with a Master's degree in Pali. He joined the Industry Council as an administrative officer and got married to Asta Maya and settled down into the life of a householder.

In 1941, Dharmacharya was arrested in a crackdown against democracy activists, writers and social reformers. Following the incident, he remained inactive in social work for more than five years. He spent the later part of his life lecturing and writing.

In 1956, Dharmacharya was decorated with the title of Patron of the Language by Chwasa Pasa. A statue of Dharmacharya has been erected at Pulchok, Lalipur.


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